Essential fatty acids (EFAs)
1 teaspoon1 tablespoon poured over food
Rationale: EFAs contain vitamins A and E and promote healthy coat and skin.
Notes: This supplement comes in liquid form or as gel tablets; follow package directions.
Rationale: This B vitamin is essential for red blood cell development and maintenance, and for the nervous system.
Notes: Commonly available in capsule form. In supplemented pet foods that have been stored for long periods of time, folic acid may have decreased potency.
Glucosamine and chondroitin
500 mg glucosamine, 400 mg chondroitin for dogs; half that amount for cats
Notes: These supplements may help promote healthy joints.
Rationale: You can break up pills into the pet's food. Some pet supplements come in treat form; follow package directions.
Vitamin C1 pinch (about 250 mg), added to food
Notes: Antioxidants support the immune system.
Rationale: Powdered vitamin C is easiest to use.
Sources: Roger Valentine, DVM, Pet Allergy Center, Santa Monica, California.
*Always check with your vet before starting your animal on any herb or supplementation program.