Have you eaten a tomato recently? Chances are it was grown halfway around the world, picked green, shipped thousands of miles, and then ripened with ethylene gas. In fact, thanks to advances in transportation, growing methods, and booming global commerce, we can have raspberries from Chile or asparagus from Australia when theyâ€™re nowhere near in season locally. But just because we can, should we?
Eating in accordance with whatâ€™s in season in your particular region has many advantages. â€śThe closer we eat to the source, and the less processing and shipping, the more nutritional value we can access. And there is less risk of contamination, less fuel used, and less waste in the environment,â€ť says Terry Walters, author of the seasonal cookbook Clean Food (Sterling Epicure, 2009). As Walters points out, imported produce usually travels thousands of miles to reach your local grocery store. The next time you reach for a tomato in December, look at the label. Imported tomatoes travel an average of 1,569 miles, whereas one grown in your region in season may have traveled just 60 miles. And in-season, locally grown produce isnâ€™t just tastier and better for the environmentâ€”itâ€™s better for you, too. For example, one Penn State study found that spinach lost most of its folate and carotenoid concentrations after eight days of storage.
Want to know what's fresh in your area? Check out our seasonal produce by region guide.
There are additional health benefits associated with seasonal eating. The body naturally needs different foods during specific times of the yearâ€”foods that protect us from the effects of seasonal changesâ€”say experts such as Elson M. Haas, MD, author of Staying Healthy with the Seasons (Celestial Arts, 2004). Haasâ€™ recommendation draws on nutritional wisdom from Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) and natural medicine. For example, in TCM, spring is associated with the liverâ€”one of the bodyâ€™s primary detoxification organs. Synergistically, itâ€™s also the time when dandelion and other greens are fresh and available. â€śYoung, bitter-tasting greens support the liverâ€™s function and its ability to cleanse the blood,â€ť says Rebecca Wood, author of The New Whole Foods Encyclopedia (Penguin, 2010).
Cooking methods also play an important role in seasonal eating. We naturally crave hot soups in fall and early winter; thatâ€™s no accident, says Vaijayanti Apte, BAM&S, MS, founder of the Ayurveda Institute of America. â€śWinter is cold and dry; soup is hot and moist. Itâ€™s the perfect balance,â€ť she says. Eating cold, uncooked foods during fall and winter can put stress on the body; it further chills you and takes extra energy to digest, putting a drag on your system. â€śHowever, in the summer, we eat more raw foodsâ€”so our homes and our bodies donâ€™t get overheated when itâ€™s already hot.â€ť Every season has a specific health focus, with seasonal foods and cooking methods that support the body during that time. Above all else, listen to your body and trust what it says to you. â€śWhen you eat in season, you come into balance and your body will know what it needs to maintain that balance,â€ť says Mary Lane, author of Divine Nourishment (Dog Ear, 2010). Hereâ€™s a quick guide to seasonal, healthy eating.