Here are two ways to identify your soil type by touch. For both tests, take a handful of soil and moisten it with water. Work it until it is uniformly wet, then form a 1- or 2-inch-diameter ball.
The Squeeze Test
Squeeze the ball lightly: If the ball breaks easily, the soil is sandy or loamy sand
If it stays together but changes shape easily, it is a sandy loam or silt loam.
If it resists change, it is clay or clay loam.
The Feel Test
If the soil is gritty, there is sand present.
If it is smooth, there is some silt.
If it is sticky, there is clay present.
Contact your county's cooperative extension office if you are interested in a more detailed soil analysis.