Children with celiac disease may be at risk for lower bone mineral density. Here's how to protect them.
Children with celiac disease may be at risk for lower bone mineral density, according to a recent study published in the European Journal of Clinical Nutrition. The research found poor absorption of bone-boosting vitamins D and K in children with the autoimmune disorder.
Before cutting out gluten, 43 percent of children had suboptimal vitamin D levels, which decreased to about 20 percent after a year of going gluten free (GF). Twenty-five percent had suboptimal vitamin K levels to start, and all but one returned to normal vitamin K levels after a year following a GF diet.
To keep bones strong, kids with celiac should supplement with at least 1,000 IU of vitamin D and 55–60 mcg vitamin K1 daily.